Extraterritoriality designates a mode of relation between law, representation, and space. The subjects of extraterritoriality can be either people or spaces. In the first case, and depending upon circumstances, extraterritorial arrangements exempt or exclude an individual or group from the territorial jurisdiction in which they are physically located. In the second, they exempt or exclude a space from the territorial jurisdiction by which it is surrounded. The special status thus accorded to people or spaces has political, economic, and juridical implications ranging from immunity and benefit to extreme disadvantage.
In both cases, a person or space physically included within a certain territory is excluded from its usual system of laws and subjected to another. The extraterritorial person or space can therefore be said to be present at a (legal) distance. Forensis